CO2 to chemicals
John Litynski, Darin Damiani, Jason Trembly
In an effort to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from various industrial and power generation processes to the atmosphere, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is funding research intended to advance current state-of-the-art technologies that addresses the use or reuse of CO2 in a variety of different economic and industrial processes. Researchers at RTI International will conduct feasibility testing on the use of carbon as a reducing agent for CO2 utilization. A reducing agent (reductant) is an element or compound in a chemical reaction that reduces (adds electrons to) another species; the reducing agent then becomes oxidized (loses electrons) in the process. The chemistry for this proposed CO2 utilization process is based on the reverse Boudouard reaction, in which carbon reduces CO2 to produce carbon monoxide (CO). The reduced product (CO) can then be used to create other chemicals.
Lead: RTI International
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